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TYPES OF LIBRARIES
- ACADEMIC LIBRARIES
- PUBLIC LIBRARIES
- SPECIAL LIBRARIES
Various types of Libraries attached to different Educational
|| Conventional universities
|| Institutes of science & Technology
|| Indian Institutes of Technology
| Higher secondary
|| Agriculture Universities
|| Indian Institute of Management
|| Universities for Distance Education
These are a chief instrument of learning in all its
Libraries could help students both in Academic
- Primary School Library
They should aim to:
- Create a love for books.
- Generate interest in using them for learning.
- Inculcate the habit of reading in a slow but deliberate
- Secondary School Library
Library has a very positive role to play & aim to achieve the
- Inculcating habit of using school libraries but not
only with reference to their reading for course requirements
for reading for pleasure,general knowledge & recreation.
- Development of skills for collecting information on
any topic by consulting reference books.
- Provide opportunities to visit other academic,special and
public libraries to make the children get an idea of the
system in the country & use them at later stages of their
A good and efficient Library will certainly help students to
meet the new challenges they start facing at college.
they can,within four walls of library use their leisure more
& meaningfully ,discover their own inherent potentialities
,launch upon instructive and absorbing hobbies and lay the
of good and more responsible life of future.
University Libraries support and help the University in
achieving its objective of :
- Learning and teaching
- Dissemination and publication of research results.
- Conservation of knowledge and ideas.
The major functions derived from these objectives
- Development of collection in a wide variety of subjects
- Getting stock of materials organized & maintained for use.
- Organise & provide a variety of library ,documentation,&
information services both responsive and anticipatory.
University Libraries have a big responsibility & a very
role to play not only in shaping students for higher learning
and research ,but also in providing a variety of services to
meet other demands.
According to UNESCO Public Library Manifesto,
The definition of a Public Library is:
It is a library which ,
1) is financed for most part out of public funds.
2) charges no fees from readers and yet is open for
full use by the public without distinction of caste,creed or
3)is intended as an auxiliary educational institution
a means of self education which is endless;
4)houses educative & informative materials giving reliable
information freely & without partiality or prejudice on as
wide a variety of subjects as will satisfy the interests of
Thus we see that Public Libraries are unique in following
- Being a free library.
It bestows right to every citizen to have free access
to its books and other information resources.
- Financed by public funds.
The finance needed for establishment,maintenance and develpoment
of public libraries is securely mostly from public fund.
- An auxiliary Educational Institution
Public libraries assist the students / teachers by providing
suitable educative materials as may be needed,to successfully
complete their education.
- A Centre Of Information
It is an information centre.
It should provide reliable information,freely,without
partiality on as wide variety of subjects as would satisfy
interest of readers.
- Centre Of Self Education
It provides self education suiting one's interests throughout
one's life span.such self education enriches a person's life
to a great extent and mitigates day-to-day hardships.
- Centre of Culture
It is required to serve
as a centre to promote local
or regional culture.
As Public Library is required to meet the individual
needs of the local public,local or regional
cultural materials are given a place of prominence.
- Impartial Service Agency
Its resources & services are amenable for use by any person
irrespective of one's age,status,creed or sex.
The major and perhaps only objective of a Special Library
is the provision of information ,in support of the objectives
of its parent organisation.
However,special libraries are established to serve a particular
group of users or an activity or specialists working on
a subject or a group of subjects or a particular type
- They exist in a wide variety of organisation.
- They meet the information requirement of organisation
to which they are attached.
- Special libraries are formed in research & development
establishments ,government departments ,directorates ,bureaus
,industrial & business undertakings ,learned societies & professional
associations ,trade & business associations,
hospitals & health services ,social & welfare organisations,
museums,national gallery of arts ,etc.
Special libraries also assume different names like technical
library,business information centres & research information